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In other news, 21 major cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad are expected to run out of water by 2020.
What Is It?
A recent BBC report said that Bengaluru will be among 11 cities in the world to run of water and reach level zero followed by a government report which has stated that the city will run out of groundwater by the year 2020.
Niti Ayog, a government think tank that promotes co-operative federalism has listed out 20 other cities in the country itself that will face this issue of reaching zero groundwater levels that will be affecting a 100 million people at most.
Niti Ayog’s is a list of Composite Water Management Index: A Tool for Water Management2017′. Overexploitation and overuse of groundwater have caused such a depletion in the level. The critical groundwater resources which account for 40 percent are being depleted at unsustainable rates.
What Is The Solution?
Niti Ayog has proposed a ‘Composite Water Management Index’ for the country wherein the Index will act as an indicator of key information on water across states. They’re going to bring incentive-based water mechanism for groundwater restoration that will pay out funds to communities and NGOs to reach the groundwater targets.
Having consumption slab based tariffs for the poor people accordingly to ensure equity and economic efficiencies. State governments to build supply networks and limit private groundwater access.
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