Named After A Prince, This City In Punjab Is Home To The First Harappan Site Of Independent India

Rupnagar's true claim to fame lies buried beneath its soil – evidence of a thriving settlement dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization

by Nikitha Sebastian
Named After A Prince, This City In Punjab Is Home To The First Harappan Site Of Independent India

Nestled on the banks of the Sutlej River in the Indian state of Punjab lies Rupnagar, a city boasting a rich tapestry of history. While its current urban sprawl reflects a more recent past, Rupnagar’s true claim to fame lies buried beneath its soil – evidence of a thriving settlement dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization (circa 3300-1300 BCE).

Indus Valley Legacy

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Rupnagar, formerly known as Ropar, holds the distinction of being the first Indus Valley Civilization site excavated in independent India. Unearthed artefacts paint a vivid picture of a well-developed settlement. Archaeological excavations have unveiled Rupnagar’s past as a significant Indus Valley outpost.

Unlike the larger metropolises of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, Rupnagar is believed to have been a smaller town, perhaps serving as a regional centre or trade hub. The Indus Valley period at Rupnagar is estimated to have lasted until around 2000 BCE.

Following this, the archaeological record reveals a fascinating continuity of settlement. Artefacts and structures hint at the presence of subsequent cultures, including the Vedic civilization and the Maurya Empire.  Rupnagar thus emerges as a vital link, bridging the gap between the Indus Valley Civilization and later historical periods.

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A City’s Enduring Legacy

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The city’s strategic location on the banks of the Sutlej likely played a key role in its enduring significance.  Throughout history, Rupnagar continued to be a focal point, attracting various rulers and dynasties.

Today, Rupnagar houses an Archaeological Museum, a treasure trove of these unearthed artefacts.  Walking through its halls, visitors can embark on a journey through time, piecing together the story of this remarkable city.

From the sophisticated urban planning of the Indus Valley Civilization to the artistic expressions of later eras, Rupnagar stands as a testament to the enduring human presence on the banks of the Sutlej.  It is a potent reminder of the dynamic nature of history, where one civilization’s legacy paves the way for the next, leaving behind a rich tapestry woven over millennia.

Also Read: Lost Found! 8 Ancient Indian Cities That Were Once Lost Discovered Later

Cover Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

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