The definition of travel to different countries has sadly changed for everyone. While this pandemic will be a blotch in all of our memories, different cases are coming to light regarding the coronavirus spread. According to the research published in the Journal of Travel Medicine, COVID-19 got induced into Indian states mainly due to international travels. Travellers from Dubai and the UK bring maximum COVID-19 cases into India. Read on to know more.
Study Says Travellers From Dubai & UK Responsible For Maximum COVID-19 Importations Into India
Based on the analytical study conducted by IIT Mandi, travellers from Dubai and the UK were primary sources of COVID-19 importations into India. Also, based on the Journal of Travel Medicine research, COVID-19 got induced into Indian states mainly due to international travels. Another study revealed that work from home causes burnout among people as young as 30 years old.
This study also gave us a comprehensive demarcation about which states affected had the most and the least part in spreading the infection. The infected cases from Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh played less role in spreading the disease outside their communities. Whereas infected people in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, and Karnataka played a significant role in the local transmission. And some of them caused interstate transfer too.
Significant Increase In COVID-19 Cases Observed In Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh During Phase 1 Of Lockdown
Speaking to PTI, Sarita Azad, Assistant Professor, IIT Mandi said, “We tracked the spread of COVID-19 and its diffusion from the global to the national level and identified a few superspreaders who played a central role in the transmission of the disease in India. The COVID-19 spread in phase one was traced using the travelling history of the patients, and it was found that most of the transmissions were local.” She further added “The research team has used the travel history of infected patients from January to April as the primary data source and a social network was created depicting the spread in the early phase of the pandemic. The research found that the maximum numbers of connections were established from Dubai (144) and the UK ( 64).”
Azad explained that data revealed that Dubai and the UK played a crucial role in spreading the disease in Indian states. And were the primary sources of COVID-19 importations into India. “Based on the modularity class, different clusters were shown to form across Indian states, which demonstrated the formation of a multi-layered social network structure. A significant increase in confirmed cases was reported in states like Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh during the first phase of the nationwide lockdown, which spanned from March 25 to April 14,” she said.
Azad, who conducted the analytical study with her student Sushma Devi, said, “When a pandemic like COVID-19 subsides, a good research work serves as a record for the future. In this work, we have used real-time data and demonstrated how the disease got diffused from the global to the national level from January 30 to April 6. This will be an important contribution to understanding the disease transmission in India during the early phase of the pandemic.” Meanwhile check out this video about travelling from Mumbai to Delhi mid the pandemic.